Do you know that you can grow weeds in an indoor environment? Indeed, it is not difficult to grow weeds with LED grow lights in an indoor environment where nobody will see it. Weeds can grow indoors insofar as there is favorable condition for them to survive. To make the condition favorable for their survival, you have to install LED grow lights and provide them with enough nutrients.
If you grow your weeds indoors, you will be able to control the environment under which you are growing them more than a person growing them in outdoor environment. Besides growing cannabis indoor is a veritable means of avoiding undue attention. Some people are still ashamed or afraid of growing weeds even though, many countries including the US have made the cultivation and use of marijuana legal.
If you are among such people, cultivation weeds indoor with LED grow lights where nobody will find out should be an option for you. Are you ready to establish your indoor weed garden? If you are ready, the guide given below will be of help to you.
Points to note
How long does it take to grow marijuana indoors?
Definitely, this is one question that you will like to find answer before you establish your indoor garden. It takes lesser time for marijuana to mature in an indoor environment than for it to mature in outdoor environment. It may take you about 7 to 8 weeks to cultivate weeds indoors.
Two common growing mistakes to avoid
Don’t experiment with your weeds or try something new on your plants unless its workability has been proved beyond reasonable doubt and scientifically. Some new growers have ended up killing their weeds simply because they applied untested methods.
Don’t skip important steps. Some steps in the cultivation of marijuana as you will see are very crucial and thus should not be skipped. Skipping crucial steps may affect the health of your plants.
Now that you have know the conditions required for the growth of your marijuana as well as the common mistakes to avoid, it is now time to provide you with steps-by-steps guide on how to grow marijuana.
Step one: Determining your growing space
Where do you want to establish your indoor garden for your weed? This is the crucial question to ask here. There are a number of spaces in your home where you can establish your weed garden. You can use your garage, spare bedroom, grow tent, closet and even inside of a computer case or pots or even build a separate enclosed space to cultivate your weeds.
When deciding where to grow your marihuana, there are a number of factors that you should take into consideration. One important point to consider before deciding on where to cultivate your cannabis is the temperature of the place.
The indoor environment for the growing of the marihuana should be a little bit warm. Marijuana grows well under the temperature of 20°C to 30°C or 70°F to 85°F. However, the temperature requirement will go down slightly when the weeds get to maturing age. At this stage, it is advisable that you keep the temperature of the growing space to around 18°C to 26°C or 65°F to 80°F.
Your plants will produce much healthier and best colored buds with the best smell and trichome production under this temperature. If you cultivate cannabis indoor under a higher temperature between 31°C (88°F) and above, your marijuana will not grow well. The same thing happens if you cultivate them under a cooler temperature that falls below 60F (15.5°C). The plant under higher or cooler temperatures as mentioned above will have a stunted growth and their THC potency will reduce.
Given the importance of temperature, it is advisable that you install temperature control devices in the cultivation space. One of the best ways to ensure that you have the temperature under control is to use lighting systems that you can control their heat and light emission.
If you use lighting system that generates high lights, the heats oozing out from the light will be high. This means that your marijuana will be subjected to higher temperature.
Besides, marijuana requires some moment of rest when there should be no light. So, the best type of light that will help you to control the temperature of your cultivation space is LED grow lighting system. This type of light as you will see later does not generate high heat even though it emits enough light to keep the plants growing. Besides, their brightness can be reduced completely during the resting period of marijuana. With this type of light, you will be able to control the temperature of your home.
When choosing your growing space, it is important that you consider the number of seeds that you will like to cultivate. Ensure that your cultivation space is large enough to accommodate all your sees. The weeds can get suffocated if you crowd them together. In other words, the size of your indoor garden is a very important factor to consider. You should consider the number of seeds that you will like to grow before choosing a growing space.
If you want to grow many seeds, then you should choose more spacious indoor cultivation space. There should be proper lighting in the growing space. A room should not be moist. It is advise that you choose a cultivate room that is dry throughout the year. It is also necessary that you consider the closeness of the water connection in the room. If it is not close to the water source, it means that you will spend more money trying to create one.
Check the electric connection in the room. Make sure that it has enough circuitry for the installation of your LED grow light. It is also recommendable that you choose room or a space that is hidden from outsiders. In this way, you will not attract any persons attention.
Step two: Choosing your grow light
The question to consider here is what type of indoor cultivate light will your seeds require in order to grow well? The answer to the question is very important because the type of grow light you have determines to a greater extent how well your marijuana will do. As mentioned above, the sunlight remains the best type of light for the cultivation of any type of seeds because it is natural.
However, given that you are not growing your seed outside, you need artificial light that is very similar to sunlight. There are different types of grow lights to use such as LED cultivate lights, compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs), metal halide (MH), other fluorescent lighting, high pressure sodium (HPS) and LED grow lights. LED grow lights remain the best.
Reasons why you should grow with LED grow light?
LED grow lighting systems come with a lot of features that give them an edge over other types of lights. Below are the reasons why you should grow with LED grow light
- Generation of more light
LED lights generate more lights than any other types of grow lights. Marijuana like other plants requires lights in order to cultivate very well. When it comes to light generation, LED lighting systems remain unbeatable. They are able to generate not just enough light but lights that are very similar to sunlight than other types of grow lights.
- Low heat emission
Marijuana does not grow well under a high temperature. As mentioned above, the temperature requirements of cannabis differs at various points in its growth stages. But in general, high temperature can result in the death of the plant. Therefore, if you are cultivation weeds in an indoor environment, it is important that use a lighting system that has low heat emission.
In this regard, LED grows lighting system remains the best. LED light generates less heat. Its ability to generate low heat brings additional advantage. It reduces cost for you. This is because you will spend less on cooling system.
Growing under reduce heat will also help the plants to cultivate well. It is easy to control the heat coming from this type of light. You can reduce it easily during the period when lesser amount of heat is required. You also increase the temperature when your plants require more heat.
- Long lifetime
In comparison with other types of lights, LED lights have long lifetime. If you install LED lights for the cultivation of your marijuana, they will last for years for you. There are some models of LED lights that can last up to ten years supplying light continuously to the users.
- Low energy consumption
They also have low energy consumption rate despite the fact that they generate a lot of light. In other words, you will not spend a lot on energy with this type of light.
- Lightweight and flexibility
LED grow lights are also available in slim designs meaning that they will not take up unnecessary space in your grow room. Its slim design and lightweight also makes usage and installation very easy.
- More affordable
If you are looking for a more affordable lighting system for indoor growing of marijuana, you should consider using LED grow lights. Though they are more expensive than other types of grow lights but you will gain value for your money in the end thanks to its low energy consumption rate.
There are different brands and models of LED grow lights in the market today. Each brand and its models are unique. They are not equally made. Some are of greater quality than others. If you have made up your mind to buy LED grow light, you should ensure that you buy quality models. Another important point to note here is that some sellers are not reliable.
They sell knock-off products in place of originals. You should try to avoid such sellers and make sure that you buy from reliable sellers. Take time to read the reviews and comments the previous buyers made about their experience with the seller before you make any monetary commitment.
If you are not sure of the right model to choose or the model that is of great quality, then you should buy a model of reliable and reputable brand which has got positive reviews and comments from consumers.
Step three: Choosing the growing medium
The growing medium is a very crucial factor to consider. There are different types of medium to consider, namely, the soil, soillesss mix, hydroponics or water growing medium and less common mediums such as aquaponics or tanks with fish. If you are cultivation in soil, the type of soil you use matters a lot. You should consider the pH and nutrients available in the soil.
Marijuana does well in soil with a pH between 5.9 and 6.5. The cultivation medium should also have enough nutrient containing nutritional elements such as potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen and others.
Before planting your seed, it is necessary that you compost the soil so that it will have enough nutrients. But if you don’t know how to prepare compost, you can enhance the nutrient content of the cultivation medium with industrially produced fertilizers that contain these elements.
The soilless mix growing medium includes vermiculite, perlite, coco coir and many more. Choosing the best soilless mix growing medium may be somewhat challenging especially for beginner.
If you are not sure of the best soilless mix cultivation medium to use, you should consider using coco coir. This type of growing medium has good water retaining capability. Besides, it is not affected by a lot of problems such as root problems, bugs and others that affect growing soil. It is also cheap, hand-watered intuitive and it provides ease of growing by soil.
If you prefer growing hydroponically, then you have to first carry out some research to know how to go about it. Many growers do not use this growing medium because it can be complicated.
But being complicated does not mean that marijuana will not do well in it. There are many indoor growers including newbie that have successfully used it for cultivation. So, you can also succeed with it if you do the right things that you are supposed to do. This is why it is important that you first carry out some research about it.
Step four: choosing your nutrients
As mentioned above, it is important for your growing medium to have enough nutrients. As the plants are cultivation, the nutrient contents of the growing medium will be going down. This is why it is important that you enhance the nutrient content of your growing medium by adding fertilizers known as nutrient soil amendments. Fertilizers are available in a number of forms.
There are organic fertilizers as well as chemical fertilizers. There are some that are mixture of chemical and organic manure. They are also available in liquid and powder form. The major difference in the various types of fertilizer is the level of chemicals such as phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium as well as other chemicals available in them. Cannabis requires certain type of fertilizer at a particular time in growing stages. So, you don’t just apply fertilizer on your cannabis. You have to ensure that you choose the right type.
If you need to apply fertilizer during the vegetative stage of your marijuana, you should opt for nutrient soil amendments that contain more of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. But during the flowering stage, your weeds will need more of phosphorus than nitrogen and potassium. Secondary nutrients required by marijuana for proper growth include sulfur, magnesium and calcium. Other micro nutrients that you should include are iron, chlorine, manganese, iron, boron, zinc, molybdenum and copper.
One point that you should bear in mind if you want to apply fertilizers on your indoor garden is that the nutrient needs of marijuana differ from one type to another. There is no sure way of determining which type of fertilizer will suit a particular variety of cannabis. Trial and error method remains the best way to determine that.
This is why it is advisable that you apply whatever type of fertilizer you are using sparingly. If after applying a small portion of a particular type of fertilizer on your seeds and they are not doing fine, you should consider changing it.
In this way, you will get the type that will suit your garden very well. Secondly, applying your fertilizer sparingly will prevent any possibility of getting your weeds burnt by the fertilizers. You can increase the quantity you apply if you notice that your cannabis lower leaves are becoming yellowish or falling away.
The type of growing medium will also determine the type of fertilizer to use. If you are growing on the soil and the soil is not composted, you have to add fertilizers made for soil growers.
Marijuana is heavy feeders and thus, you should add some cannabis nutrients during the flowering or budding stage for enhance growth. If you are a hydroponic grower, then you should look for cannabis nutrients made for hydroponic growers such as general hydroponics nutrient trio. The same thing is applicable to soilless growers.
Water is a very important element required not just by marijuana but also other living beings including man for survival. But the quality of water you provide to your marijuana has strong effect on the general well being of your plant. Though marijuana growing in an indoor environment does not require much water, you should make sure that you provide good water to your plant.
The amount of impurities contained in the water you give your marijuana will affect their general well being. You can buy the kit for testing the parts per million (PPM) of water and do the test by yourself. Alternatively, you can contact your local water board for more information about that.
The impurities level in the water you give to your cannabis should be less than 200-300 PPM. If you are using tap water and you think that the quality of the tap water is not good, you have to make use of reverse osmosis system to purify your water before watering your indoor garden.
Another important point to consider under nutrient is the root pH of your growing medium. The pH of the root environment cause nutrient problems for your marijuana if it is not well maintained. So, it is necessary that you maintain it.
One of the ways to ensure that you maintain the pH level of your water is to test it. Before you supply water to your cannabis, it is advisable that you test the pH of your water unless you are growing with composted super soil owing to the fact that such soil contains microbial living organisms that will take care of the pH of the soil. You may be lucky to have a good yield even without testing the pH. But to be on the safer side, you should always try to test the pH of your water in order to avoid nutrient problem.
The reason why you should try to maintain the pH of the root environment is quite obvious. If the pH of the root environment is very low or too high, nutrient absorption by the root will be inhibited. Nutrient problems occurring as a result of too high or too low pH level is not quite noticeable during the vegetative stage. But it will begin to show during the flowering or budding stage.
This is because your weeds are not able to absorb the nutrients during this period as a result of high or low pH. You can avoid this problem by testing the pH of the water you provide to your plants. There are pH test kits you can use for that. The right pH level of soil is 6.0-7.0 PHS while pH level of 5.5-6-5 pH is suitable for hydroponics growers.
Step five: Getting your cannabis plants
When you have taken care of the above, the next thing to do is to choose and purchase the variety of cannabis you like. If you are a beginner, you will be a little bit confused but it is not quite difficult to choose and purchase the right type of marijuana.
The best way to get started is to surf the internet in order to know the available type and see sites selling marijuana seeds. It will also be good to ask people who have been growing weeds before. If you know any of them, you should make out time and visit their indoor garden. They will definitely give tit-bits on how to choose and purchase your cannabis.
With the legalization of cannabis in many nations, it is now not difficult to find collectives and dispensaries selling marijuana. You can buy seeds or clones from these collectives and dispensaries. It is necessary that you purchase from a reliable source.
You will be sure of the genetics of the seeds or clones you are buying. If you don’t know any grower of marijuana and you don’t know how to and where to purchase marijuana, you should consider buying online. If you perform a Google search, you will definitely find a number of online sources where you can buy seeds or clones.
However, you should be very careful when ordering for cannabis seeds or clones because it is not yet legal in all places. If it is not yet legal in your locality, seeing sellers willing and ready to ship some to you does not make it legal to cultivate marijuana there and so, you have to be very careful and smart when handling that. If you prefer buying clones, then you should know a grower or seller that have female marijuana that you will like to clone.
Step six: Germinating your marijuana seed
This step is not for you if you have clones that have developed root already. The next step will take care of your needs. Many professional growers may use different methods to germinate their seeds. One of the common and easiest methods employed by many growers which I will recommend for you is the use of a specialized starter cube.
If you put your seeds inside the starter cube, you have to ensure that it is warm and moist (but you should not soak the cube). It will take the seed about a week to germinate. When they have germinated, you can now transfer them to your growing medium. Don’t remove them from your cube. Just stick the cube to your medium for growing or hydroponic system directly.
You can also use a paper towel method which requires paper towels, cannabis seeds, 2 plates, water, paper towels and a place to transfer the germinated seeds. When your seeds start germinating and they are growing upwards, it is an indication that they lack lights and so, you should consider increasing your light intensity.
Step seven: managing the seedling phase
The seedling phase in the growing of marijuana indoors is a very important stage because the young growing marijuana in this stage are very fragile and highly vulnerable than in any other stage. The period lasts about one to four weeks.
The seeds during this period require moderate humidity, sufficient but not too much soil moisture, medium to high light intensity, medium to high light intensity and moderate humidity.
The best lighting system, during this stage for indoor growers is LED lights especially the T5 fluorescent lights. This is because they do not generate high heat. You are running a risk of drying out your seedlings if you make use HPS and MH. The seedling stage is the time when the growing seeds coats break up disclosing the root as well as the round cotyledons or seed leaves.
Step eight: The vegetative stage
This stage is characterized by fast growth. During this period, the plants can do well under a wide range of temperatures. However, the most suitable temperature for enhanced growth during vegetative stage is 20°C-30°C or 70°F 85°F. The major target of your weeds during this growth stage is to become bigger and stronger. It is not yet flowering time.
At this stage, you should be careful with the quantity of fertilizer you apply if you want to increase the nutrient contents of the growing medium. This is because your plants can easily be burnt or destroyed by excess fertilizer at this stage. So, you can begin with half strength and then gradually increase as your seeds grow stronger and healthier.
You can add more nutrients to its full strength if you think that your marijuana have more need for nutrients. The sex of young growing plants cannot be determined. Meeting the light requirements of your growing seeds at now is very important. Marijuana requires much light at this stage. You should ensure that your cannabis get about 18 to 24 hours of light per day.
The vegetative stage lasts for a month to two. When the period is about ending, the gender of the marijuana will begin to show. As the root system search for more water, it will begin to move downwards. The type of fertilizer to apply during this stage is one that is rich in nitrogen and potassium.
During the flowering stage, your marijuana will begin to develop buds. It is the stage that will usher in the harvest stage. There are certain things that you will need to do during this initial stage. You have to change the rate at which you provide lights to your cannabis. At the previous stage, you were providing 18-24 hours of light but during this stage, you should reduce it to 12 hours.
The rest hours during which there will be complete darkness should be about 12 hours. Another important thing that you should do during the flowering stage is to differentiate between the male and females. The females are the ones that bud while the males produce pollen sacs or balls. Remove the male from the garden since they are not smoked. Removing them will also allow the females access to more nutrients and space to grow well.
In other words, at this stage, the marijuana will start revealing their gender. If you are growing basically for smoking, it is advisable that you buy female clones so that you will not get any male. Your female marijuana will start flowering developing the wispy white hairs on the branch joints top if you maintain the light requirements as stipulated above.
The temperature of your grow room should be reduced during growth phase if you want your marijuana to produce buds with the best smell, trichome production and color. At this flowering stage, you have to also give much attention to the nutrients of your marijuana because they are prone to nutrient problems at this phase as their energy is directed on developing buds.
Step nine: Harvesting your marijuana
When do you start harvesting your weed? This is a basic question to answer here. You don’t start harvesting your cannabis until the buds are no longer developing new white hairs-like substance. At this stage, the growing space will be overwhelmed with the smell of the cannabis. The buds should be filled out, plump and fragrant. Harvest window starts when 40 percent of the white hairs-like substances have become dark and curled.
However, if you harvest your buds at this stage, they will not be fully potent and they will deliver speedy effect. If you harvest when about 50 to 70 percent of the white hair-like substance have darkened, you will obtain more THC levels.
On the other hand, you will obtain more couchlock, anti-anxiety effect if you harvest when 80 to 90 percent of the hairs have become dark. During this stage, a good number of the THC has changed into CBN which is more relaxing.
It can be challenging and daunting waiting for the hair-like substances to darken to the degree one prefers. But you have no option than to wait in order to obtain what you are looking for. However, there are other methods that you can use to determine when your cannabis is due for harvesting. Some of these methods are more precise. A typical example of such method is the use of trichomes.
When you are sure that your buds are ready for harvest, you don’t start immediately. You have to make certain preparation before you start harvesting. First, get rid of excess nutrients from your growing medium so that your plants will depend on their stock of nutrients and reserve ones.
In this way, there will be no nutrients left in the leaves that will be prepared for smoking as the weeds will consume them all when you have removed excess nutrients. When you notice any sign of nutrient deficiency, you should start the harvest after you might have switched off your LED grow lights. Use a pair of scissors to cut the stem down in V-shape.
Step ten: Drying and curing of the newly harvested buds
When you have completely harvested your buds and then trim them, you should keep them hanged in upside down position in dark and cool place. The place should be well ventilated so that the buds will dry out.
When the buds are fully dried, you can begin to cure them to enable them become smoother, tastier and give best effects and good smell. Curing the buds is not difficult. Put all the dry buds in quart-sized mason jars tightly closed. Keep the mason jars in a cool dark place. Don’t fill each jar to the brim. It is better to fill it about 3/4 full.
Ensure that you open the jars once a day for the first 2 weeks of curing. When you open them, allow them to remain open for seconds. This will make it possible for moisture to be released and more fresh air to be opened. It is important that you get rid of moist so that there will be no favorable environment for mud to grow. You can add some natural humidity regulators such as Boveda 62% Humidipaks.
After the first two weeks, if you check the jars for moist and you discover that they are not moist anytime you check; you can begin to open the jars once a week instead of once a day.
There are some people that cure their buds as long as one month while some cure their buds only for one to two weeks. But if you want your cannabis to be more powerful, then you should cure it up to 30 days. If you cure for a long time up to more than 6 months, your cannabis will become less potent. Prolong curing can make THC to turn to CBN.